[Reader-list] Notes from the court-3
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Mon Jun 24 17:30:17 IST 2002
Causelist JUDIS Daily orders Court websites COURTNIC Indiacode
JUDIS CD manual
IT in Judiciary
Ministry of Law & Justice
A.P. HCBombay HCCalcutta HCGuwahati HCDelhi HCGujarat HCJ & K HCKarnataka
HCKerala HCMP HCMadras HCOrissa HCP & H HCPatna HCJaipur (Raj. HC)Jodhpur
(Raj. HC)Andaman BenchAurangabad BenchIndore BenchNagpur BenchPanaji
Courts Informatics Devision,
National Informatics Centre,
Ministry Of Information Technology,
A- Block, C.G.O. Complex, Lodi Road,
New Delhi - 110 003, INDIA.
e-mail : clist at hub.nic.in
IT in Judiciary
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
NATIONAL INFORMATICS CENTRE
COURTS INFORMATICS DIVISION
Status of Information Technology in Indian Courts
Ever since NIC took up computerization in Supreme Court in 1990, many
applications have been computerized which have impact on masses i.e.
litigants. Following are some of the applications which have been
successfully implemented at Supreme Court and 18 High Courts and these
applications have either direct or indirect impact on the masses .
Supreme Court of India
List of Business Information System (LOBIS):
It is about scheduling of cases to be heard by the courts on the following
day. It enabled the Registries of Supreme Court and High Courts in
eliminating manual process of Cause List generation thus any manipulation by
vested interests. These databases contain details of fresh cases, disposed
and pending cases. It is the backbone application of every Court.
Impact:As Cause Lists are generated automatically by the computer manual
intervention has been eliminated resulting in generation of Cause List in
time with out any hassleCases are listed strictly in chronological order of
date of filing; eliminated irregularitiesAll cases having the same law
point(s) to be decided by the courts are bunched/grouped and posted before
one bench. This has helped the courts in faster disposal of cases.It has
become simpler to recall dismissed cases when review petitions are filed. On
the spot reliable and instantaneous statistical reports are generatedIt has
helped Registry of Supreme Court in streamlining its day to day activities to
achieve one of the main objectives of COURTIS Project
Filing Counter Computerization
In the Supreme Court of India and all High Courts fresh cases are filed only
before the computerized Filing Counters. As the advocates stand in queue for
Filing cases before the counters, the data entry Operator enters preliminary
details required for Registration such as Party names, advocate details, etc.
The computer terminal at the query counter is used to attend to the quarries
of the litigants on the spot. The defects, if any, are listed out and handed
over to the litigants/advocates for rectification. Time limitation is also
checked by the system automatically.
ImpactThe filing process is made easyThe advocates/litigants need not wait
for a long time in the queueThe amount collected towards Court fee in a day
is automatically calculated thus saving the time of court official's
timeQuery counter avoids the litigants go around the sections to find out the
Filing status Filing process is orderly Saves time and efforts of advocates
and court officials
This is about providing Supreme Courts' pending case status information to
litigants/advocates on any node of NICNET. COURTNIC answers about two hundred
queries of litigants/advocates per day all over the country on the status of
their pending cases. It is available on nominal charges. Primarily COURTNIC
information is available in all NIC-High Court Computer Cells and in some
District Court. It has been in use since 1993.
The response to the COURTNIC from the public is over-whelming, as pending
cases information is available at his/her District headquarters. It avoids
the litigants to come all over to Delhi from their place. The litigants need
not find the status of their pending cases on phone as is the usual practice.
Probably this facility is first of its kind in the world.
NIC has brought out Judgement Information System (JUDIS) consisting of
complete text of all reported judgement of Supreme Court of India from 1950
to 1998. The Judgements of 1999 onwards are available on Internet. JUDIS-CD
is available on a Membership basis for Rs. 6000/-. It is marketed by NICSI.
Supreme Court's pending Cases on IVR
Interested litigants and advocates can find out the status of their cases
pending in Supreme Court on telephone by making use of Interactive Voice.
Response System (IVR) free of charge. For accessing this, the phone nos. are:
Cause Lists on Internet
Causelists are scheduling of cases to be heard by the courts on the following
day. The Causelists of Supreme Court and many other High Courts are available
on NIC Web Servers. As the Supreme Court of India and all the 18 High Courts
and their 10 Benches are fully computerised, all these courts generate Daily
and Weekly Causelists from the computer servers installed by NIC. The
Causelist application is the backbone application of all courts as no court
can function with out that day's Causelist. Hence this has become near time
critical application in all the Courts.
Immediately after generation of the Causelist most of the courts cyclostyle
the stencils cut from the printers attached to the servers for generating
thousands of copies running into a few lakhs of pages every day. Due to this
reason the courts take a lot of time for generation and supply of the
Causelists to the advocates at their offices or residences. Usually the
advocates receive the cyclostyled copies of a day's Cause List not before 8
PM. Some High Courts send the Causelists data on floppy to the Printers for
printing thousands of copies. This process costs each High Courts lakhs of
Rupees every year. By making the Causelists available on Internet, no High
Court is incurring any expenditure as they are using the already available
infrastructure and the Software of NIC.
Features It is available on InternetCauselists of all High Courts can be
accessed at URL i.e.
http://causelists.nic.in Advocates can generate their own Causelist
consisting of his/her own casesRetrieval through the name of either
petitioner or respondent Court wise list can be generatedJudge wise list can
be preparedEntire Causelist can be printed, if requiredCase no. wise access
Impact Advocates are able to receive the Cause lists almost immediately
after courts hoursAdvocate can generate their own casuists which will contain
only their cases, thus avoiding them to go through hundreds of pages to
locate their casesAs the application is available on Internet, the litigant
public can easily find out whether their cases are coming for hearing or not,
with out bothering the advocatesSome courts are considering to reduce the
generation of copies of Causelists, as most of the advocates are dependent on
the Internet version of Causelists, thus the courts can save good amount
money on annual basis
NIC has made the Causelists of the following High Courts on its Web servers
apart from the Supreme Court of India:
Supreme Court of India
High Court of Allahabad
High Court of Andhra Pradesh
Bombay High Court
Bombay High Court - Nagpur Bench
Delhi High Court
High Court of Gujarat
High Court of Madhya Pradesh - Indore Bench
High Court of Madhya Pradesh - Jabalpur
High Court of Karnataka
Madras High Court
High Court of Punjab & Haryana, Chandigarh
High Court of Rajasthan - Jaipur Bench
High Court of Rajasthan - Jodhpur
High Court of Calcutta
Ever since NIC has made the Causelists of the Supreme Court of India and High
Courts available on Internet, this application has received huge response
from the advocates and litigant public. To understand the enormous response
the application has received, herewith one week's Day wise Hit statistics are
enclosed. On an average it is receiving 10,000 hits per day. By any standard,
it is a significant number for one application.
For the purpose of illustration, some of the screens associated with the
application are also enclosed.
High Courts Computerisation
NIC took up computerisation of all 18 High Courts and 9 Benches on the lines
of Apex Court's Computerisation. NIC implemented the List of Business
Information (LOBIS) in all High Court Courts. Some of the High Courts' Cause
List are also available on Internet. Many possible applications in all High
Courts have been computerised. Most of the High Courts have opened query
counters along with Filing Counters for providing pending cases information
to the litigants and advocates.
Facilities provided are: Causelists are generated
automaticallyBunching/Grouping is done Computer based Filing Counters are
openedQuery counters are availableJUDIS & COURTNIC are availableAll HCs are
connected on NICNET/InternetDay to day Judgements and Orders are stored on
District Courts Computerisation
In 1997, NIC took up the computerisation of all 430 District Courts in the
country on the lines of High Courts Computerisation Project. The basic
objectives of the project are: to provide transparency of information to the
litigants and advocates to help the judicial administration in streamlining
its activities to provide judicial and legal databases to the District Judges
NIC provided three level training programs to the District Court officials.
The three levels are:Computer Awareness Programs for the District Judges.
These training programs were chaired by either the Hon'ble Chief Justice or
one of the Hon'ble Judges of the concerned High Court.Supervisory level
training at NIC State Centres. These supervisory level officials were
identified and sent to NIC State Centres by the District Courts for training
on day to day maintenance of the computers and its peripherals.In-house hands
on training to the District Court officials working on the computer
terminals. The District Informatics Officers of NIC posted at the District
Magistrates' Office imparted this training.
All officials have been trained on 'District Court Information System' (DCIS)
SW. The DCIS Software is a huge general purpose Software package developed
for the computerisation of District Courts. This software takes care of all
aspects of District Court needs.
The project is yet to pickup momentum in most of the District Courts for want
of interest from the District Court officials. NIC has proposed to conduct
another round of Training to the users.
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