[Reader-list] Notes from the court-3

zamrooda zamrooda at sarai.net
Mon Jun 24 17:30:17 IST 2002



Causelist  JUDIS Daily orders  Court websites  COURTNIC  Indiacode 


 Indian Judiciary 

 JUDIS Agreement 

 JUDIS CD manual

 IT in Judiciary

 Ministry of Law & Justice 







Cause List
 A.P. HCBombay HCCalcutta HCGuwahati HCDelhi HCGujarat HCJ & K HCKarnataka 
HCKerala HCMP HCMadras HCOrissa HCP & H HCPatna HCJaipur (Raj. HC)Jodhpur 
(Raj. HC)Andaman BenchAurangabad BenchIndore BenchNagpur BenchPanaji 


 Supreme CourtAPDELHIJ&KMADRASORISSA________________


Court Websites


Daily Orders
 SCDELHI HC________________


Contact Address 

 Courts Informatics Devision, 
 National Informatics Centre, 
 Ministry Of Information Technology, 
 A- Block, C.G.O. Complex, Lodi Road, 
 New Delhi - 110 003, INDIA.
   e-mail : clist at hub.nic.in
 Fax 011-4364873 




IT in Judiciary




Status of Information Technology in Indian Courts

Ever since NIC took up computerization in Supreme Court in 1990, many 
applications have been computerized which have impact on masses i.e. 
litigants. Following are some of the applications which have been 
successfully implemented at Supreme Court and 18 High Courts and these 
applications have either direct or indirect impact on the masses .

Supreme Court of India

List of Business Information System (LOBIS):  

It is about scheduling of cases to be heard by the courts on the following 
day. It enabled the Registries of Supreme Court and High Courts in 
eliminating manual process of Cause List generation thus any manipulation by 
vested interests. These databases contain details of fresh cases, disposed 
and pending cases. It is the backbone application of every Court.

Impact:As Cause Lists are generated automatically by the computer manual 
intervention has been eliminated resulting in generation of Cause List in 
time with out any hassleCases are listed strictly in chronological order of 
date of filing; eliminated irregularitiesAll cases having the same law 
point(s) to be decided by the courts are bunched/grouped and posted before 
one bench. This has helped the courts in faster disposal of cases.It has 
become simpler to recall dismissed cases when review petitions are filed. On 
the spot reliable and instantaneous statistical reports are generatedIt has 
helped Registry of Supreme Court in streamlining its day to day activities to 
achieve one of the main objectives of COURTIS Project

Filing Counter Computerization

In the Supreme Court of India and all High Courts fresh cases are filed only 
before the computerized Filing Counters. As the advocates stand in queue for 
Filing cases before the counters, the data entry Operator enters preliminary 
details required for Registration such as Party names, advocate details, etc. 
The computer terminal at the query counter is used to attend to the quarries 
of the litigants on the spot. The defects, if any, are listed out and handed 
over to the litigants/advocates for rectification. Time limitation is also 
checked by the system automatically.


ImpactThe filing process is made easyThe advocates/litigants need not wait 
for a long time in the queueThe amount collected towards Court fee in a day 
is automatically calculated thus saving the time of court official's 
timeQuery counter avoids the litigants go around the sections to find out the 
Filing status Filing process is orderly Saves time and efforts of advocates 
and court officials


This is about providing Supreme Courts' pending case status information to 
litigants/advocates on any node of NICNET. COURTNIC answers about two hundred 
queries of litigants/advocates per day all over the country on the status of 
their pending cases. It is available on nominal charges. Primarily COURTNIC 
information is available in all NIC-High Court Computer Cells and in some 
District Court. It has been in use since 1993.


The response to the COURTNIC from the public is over-whelming, as pending 
cases information is available at his/her District headquarters. It avoids 
the litigants to come all over to Delhi from their place. The litigants need 
not find the status of their pending cases on phone as is the usual practice. 
Probably this facility is first of its kind in the world.


NIC has brought out Judgement Information System (JUDIS) consisting of 
complete text of all reported judgement of Supreme Court of India from 1950 
to 1998. The Judgements of 1999 onwards are available on Internet. JUDIS-CD 
is available on a Membership basis for Rs. 6000/-. It is marketed by NICSI.



Supreme Court's pending Cases on IVR

Interested litigants and advocates can find out the status of their cases 
pending in Supreme Court on telephone by making use of Interactive Voice. 
Response System (IVR) free of charge. For accessing this, the phone nos. are: 
011-4362062, 4360112.


Cause Lists on Internet


Causelists are scheduling of cases to be heard by the courts on the following 
day. The Causelists of Supreme Court and many other High Courts are available 
on NIC Web Servers. As the Supreme Court of India and all the 18 High Courts 
and their 10 Benches are fully computerised, all these courts generate Daily 
and Weekly Causelists from the computer servers installed by NIC. The 
Causelist application is the backbone application of all courts as no court 
can function with out that day's Causelist. Hence this has become near time 
critical application in all the Courts. 

Immediately after generation of the Causelist most of the courts cyclostyle 
the stencils cut from the printers attached to the servers for generating 
thousands of copies running into a few lakhs of pages every day. Due to this 
reason the courts take a lot of time for generation and supply of the 
Causelists to the advocates at their offices or residences. Usually the 
advocates receive the cyclostyled copies of a day's Cause List not before 8 
PM. Some High Courts send the Causelists data on floppy to the Printers for 
printing thousands of copies. This process costs each High Courts lakhs of 
Rupees every year. By making the Causelists available on Internet, no High 
Court is incurring any expenditure as they are using the already available 
infrastructure and the Software of NIC. 

Features  It is available on InternetCauselists of all High Courts can be 
accessed at URL i.e.   

http://causelists.nic.in Advocates can generate their own Causelist 
consisting of his/her own casesRetrieval through the name of either 
petitioner or respondent Court wise list can be generatedJudge wise list can 
be preparedEntire Causelist can be printed, if requiredCase no. wise access 
is possible

Impact   Advocates are able to receive the Cause lists almost immediately 
after courts hoursAdvocate can generate their own casuists which will contain 
only their cases, thus avoiding them to go through hundreds of pages to 
locate their casesAs the application is available on Internet, the litigant 
public can easily find out whether their cases are coming for hearing or not, 
with out bothering the advocatesSome courts are considering to reduce the 
generation of copies of Causelists, as most of the advocates are dependent on 
the Internet version of Causelists, thus the courts can save good amount 
money on annual basis

NIC has made the Causelists of the following High Courts on its Web servers 
apart from the Supreme Court of India:

Supreme Court of India

High Court of Allahabad

High Court of Andhra Pradesh

Bombay High Court

Bombay High Court - Nagpur Bench

Delhi High Court

High Court of Gujarat

High Court of Madhya Pradesh - Indore Bench

High Court of Madhya Pradesh - Jabalpur

High Court of Karnataka

Madras High Court

High Court of Punjab & Haryana, Chandigarh

High Court of Rajasthan - Jaipur Bench

High Court of Rajasthan - Jodhpur

High Court of Calcutta

Ever since NIC has made the Causelists of the Supreme Court of India and High 
Courts available on Internet, this application has received huge response 
from the advocates and litigant public. To understand the enormous response 
the application has received, herewith one week's Day wise Hit statistics are 
enclosed. On an average it is receiving 10,000 hits per day. By any standard, 
it is a significant number for one application.

For the purpose of illustration, some of the screens associated with the 
application are also enclosed. 


High Courts Computerisation

NIC took up computerisation of all 18 High Courts and 9 Benches on the lines 
of Apex Court's Computerisation. NIC implemented the List of Business 
Information (LOBIS) in all High Court Courts. Some of the High Courts' Cause 
List are also available on Internet. Many possible applications in all High 
Courts have been computerised. Most of the High Courts have opened query 
counters along with Filing Counters for providing pending cases information 
to the litigants and advocates.

Facilities provided are: Causelists are generated 
automaticallyBunching/Grouping is done Computer based Filing Counters are 
openedQuery counters are availableJUDIS & COURTNIC are availableAll HCs are 
connected on NICNET/InternetDay to day Judgements and Orders are stored on 

District Courts Computerisation

In 1997, NIC took up the computerisation of all 430 District Courts in the 
country on the lines of High Courts Computerisation Project. The basic 
objectives of the project are: to provide transparency of information to the 
litigants and advocates  to help the judicial administration in streamlining 
its activities to provide judicial and legal databases to the District Judges


NIC provided three level training programs to the District Court officials. 
The three levels are:Computer Awareness Programs for the District Judges. 
These training programs were chaired by either the Hon'ble Chief Justice or 
one of the Hon'ble Judges of the concerned High Court.Supervisory level 
training at NIC State Centres. These supervisory level officials were 
identified and sent to NIC State Centres by the District Courts for training 
on day to day maintenance of the computers and its peripherals.In-house hands 
on training to the District Court officials working on the computer 
terminals. The District Informatics Officers of NIC posted at the District 
Magistrates' Office imparted this training.

All officials have been trained on 'District Court Information System' (DCIS) 
SW. The DCIS Software is a huge general purpose Software package developed 
for the computerisation of District Courts. This software takes care of all 
aspects of District Court needs.

The project is yet to pickup momentum in most of the District Courts for want 
of interest from the District Court officials. NIC has proposed to conduct 
another round of Training to the users.


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