[Reader-list] Lakshmanpur-Bathe massacre: Justice delayed and denied

Asit Das asit1917 at gmail.com
Tue Nov 12 02:51:01 CST 2013

Lakshmanpur-Bathe massacre: Justice delayed and denied
Wednesday, Oct 30, 2013, 10:17 IST | Place: Mumbai | Agency: DNA
 Urmilesh <http://www.dnaindia.com/authors/urmilesh>

It is a failure of the system to protect Dalits who continue to be
exploited and killed.
 [image: The mass murder trail starts from Rupaspur Chandwa case (1971).
Between 1971 and 1989 there were more than three dozen attacks and
butchering of Dalits in Parasbigha, Nonahi-Nagwan, Arwal, Chechani and
The mass murder trail starts from Rupaspur Chandwa case (1971). Between
1971 and 1989 there were more than three dozen attacks and butchering of
Dalits in Parasbigha, Nonahi-Nagwan, Arwal, Chechani and Kansara.

No one killed Jessica: the single headline propelled an avalanche of
nationwide protests in February 2006. The Jessica murder case is now part
of our folklore. Led by an aggressive civil society and an equally
supportive media, the case laid bare how justice can be denied at will;
how the law of the land, particularly, the criminal justice system, runs
the risk of being turned into a sham.

The recent judgment by the Patna High Court, involving Dalit victims of the
Lakshmanpur-Bathe village in central Bihar, reinforces such anxieties.
Fifty eight Dalits were brutally murdered by Ranvir Sena a private militia
led by the upper caste landowners on the night of December 1, 1997. The
dead included 27 women and 10 children. The cold-blooded massacre sparked
outrage and severe criticism across the country.

The then President Dr KR Narayanan even described the incident as a
‘national shame’. That  night of brutality led to a long wait of 16 years
as the victims awaited the deliverance of justice. On October 9, 2013,
setting aside the judgment of the trial court, by citing ‘lack of
evidence’, the Patna High Court set free all the accused due to ‘benefit of
doubt’. No one had killed those 58 Dalits! Earlier, on April 1, 2010, the
trial court had convicted 26 of the accused. Sixteen of them were served
capital punishment and 10, life term.

Amazingly, the judgment failed to evoke any public, civil society or media
outcry; not a single candle march to India Gate took place denouncing such
a travesty of justice. Largely bereft of a representative voice on regional
or national platform, the Dalits’ cry for justice was ignored by most
newspapers and news channels. Never mind that the same media organisations
are never too shy to discuss even the most mundane non-issues of the day.
During this period, newspapers and television channels were in ‘national
mourning’ running stories on the retirement of the ‘God’ of cricket. But
it’s not that only the media was indifferent to the plight of
Lakshmanpur-Bathe victims. It can be reasonably argued that the system as a
whole has failed to address this ‘national shame’ in the last few years.

The judgment of the Patna High Court is a sad reflection of our nation’s
commitment to uphold the values of the republic, as well as the justice
system adopted by the Constitution. The cold response of mainstream media
to this entire issue is intriguing. Perhaps, we need (late) KR Narayanan’s
exhortation to break this code of silence and jolt an indifferent national

This certainly is not the first instance when Dalits have been denied
justice. Bihar has a long history of organised crime against Dalits planned
and executed by the powerful landowning upper castes. Countless carnages
have taken place during the Congress rule. But hardly any of the accused
have been convicted. The Congress-led governments routinely ducked their
Constitutional responsibility to safeguard the Dalits, vulnerable to
violence and exploitation.

Significantly, such organised attacks were aimed at muzzling Dalit
aspirations and their genuine demands for land, proper wages and dignity
(izzat). The mass murder trail starts from Rupaspur Chandwa case (1971) and
continues till today. The two decades between 1971 and 1989 witnessed more
than three dozen attacks and bloodbath of Dalits in Parasbigha,
Nonahi-Nagwan, Arwal, Chechani and Kansara. Despite such blatant human
rights violations, none of the state governments of the day showed courage
to take even cursory steps against these illegal upper caste militias,
which emboldened them further. The violence also manifested in political
ramifications. Dalits abandoned the Congress in the 1990s, leading to the
party’s decimation in the state. Even the troika of Lalu-Rabri and Nitish
failed to address the contentious issue of land reforms, which remain at
the core of the problem.

The Nitish government had appointed D Bandyopadhyay of Operation Barga fame
in West Bengal to lead a commission on land reforms in Bihar. But the
initiative lost steam in no time. The Bandyopadhyay Commission submitted
its report in April 2008, which, the government, pushed to the back-burner.
Surprisingly, Nitish Kumar, who rode to power on the plank of ‘good
governance’, has also dissolved the Amir Das Inquiry Commission on the
advice of his political allies (then BJP) and officials. The Commission was
formed by the erstwhile Rabri Devi regime to investigate the criminal
antecedents of Ranvir Sena and the Lakshamanpur-Bathe case. According to
reports, the Commission had several leaders of the Congress, BJP, RJD and
JD(U) on its radar, triggering uneasiness in the JD (U)-BJP ruling
dispensation. The dissolution of the Commission may have seriously impacted
the collection of evidence, eventually weakening the Lakshmanpur-Bathe case
in the Patna High Court.

Under heavy criticism, the Nitish government has now decided to challenge
the Patna judgment in the Supreme Court. But the question is: will that
lead to justice for the victims? How will the wheels of justice roll given
that government officials actively collaborate with the private army of the
landowning class? Recall that while giving the historic Parasbigha judgment
on July 3, 1986, the Patna High Court acidly commented that ‘an entire
lobby of ministers, MLAs, doctors, DIG and IAS officers connived to save
the killers’. This judgment came during Congress regime but the same rings
true even today. Dalits still have to struggle to be accepted as equal
citizens. Even after 67 years of freedom, the yawning chasm between the
Constitutional mandate and the ground reality continues to widen. The
Lakshmanpur-Bathe verdict is yet one more testimony to the nation’s
 *The author is a senior journalist*

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