[Reader-list] Bringing synergies between NAMA & Swach Bharat Abhiyaan is must

Kabir Khan kabirkhan1989 at gmail.com
Fri Jul 17 03:15:19 CDT 2015

*Bringing synergies between NAMA & Swach Bharat Abhiyaan is must

 With world governments meeting in Paris later this year for deciding on
global climate agenda, mitigation and adaptation are going to be buzzwords
of the day. Many think these are mere talks, with no actual outcome in
hand. For that perception to fade, in the year 2007, at Bali, world
governments agreed to come up with concrete actions which are based on
national priorities as well as complement the global goal of carbon
reduction, thus termed ‘*Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA)*’
for developing countries and ‘*measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV)*,
appropriate mitigation commitments or actions including quantified GHG
emission limitation and reduction objectives, by all developed countries’.
Later in the year 2009, at Copenhagen, there was a political deadlock. The
facilitative role played by India resulted in Copenhagen accord. Rest is
history. In Copenhagen, India also committed for reducing ‘the emission
intensity of its GDP (Gross Domestic Product) by 20-25% by 2020 in
comparison to 2005 level
Around the same time National Action Plan on Climate Change was announced,
later states were also asked to replicate the measure and formulate their
state action plans. Discussing the National Action Plan and its status is a
topic for another day, what is important here to note- is the interest of
the new government in the continuation of the agenda of taking actions to
mitigate climate change.

Distracting here a little, and placing another timeline of happenings in

After coming to power Narendra Modi government announced *Swach Bharat
Abhiyaan *– Clean India Mission, focusing on sanitation and solid waste
management. In and around June, 2015 Solid Waste Management Manual
prepared by Ministry of Urban Development was made public for inviting
comments. The final version of it is not yet out. Subsequently GIZ, German
agency for international cooperation on sustainable development with nod
from Government of India- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate
Change (MoEFCC) called for consultation on *NAMA on Solid Waste Management*
in Delhi and Bengaluru. Last year, MoEFCC also decided to amend the rules
dealing with solid waste management. The draft was opened for comments. In
April, 2015 MoEFCC released the updated draft of rules dealing with Solid
Waste Management. In addition to that, draft version of rules pertaining to
plastic, e-waste and bio-medical was made public. Discussion is still open
and the draft versions are available on MoEFCC website. Comments and
suggestions made by our team are available on this website. Government is
also planning for bringing a comprehensive law to have a constitutional
mandate for Swach Bharat Abhiyaan.  From all what is stated here, it is
clear that government is serious in dealing with the issues of waste
mismanagement. The approach can be questionable but the intent of doing
something about waste ‘menace’ is definitely there.

Coming back to global climate agenda, as per the data provided by
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - waste and waste water
contributes 3% of global carbon emissions. Not all lot. But mitigating the
emissions from waste will mean cleaner cities, lesser health risks,
resource recovery for manufacturing and agriculture sectors and last but
not least reduction in carbon emissions. Win – win situation for all.
Developing countries like India are identified with massive dump-yards,
collectively put together they may exceed the geographical size of one
average city of India. A lot of us are already aware that the practice of
blindly dumping of waste can lead to many environmental, health and
societal disasters as is it is currently unfolding in Mandur and
Mavallipura, near Bengaluru. Having Solid Waste Management as Nationally
Appropriate Mitigation Action in this context makes sense. Continued here…



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