[Urbanstudy] Poverty is becoming an urban problem, warns global food policy report

Vinay Baindur yanivbin at gmail.com
Sun Apr 9 09:12:38 CDT 2017


http://www.livemint.com/Politics/DDyfaVD4NOwuEXOmHYJVMK/Poverty-is-becoming-an-urban-problem-warns-global-food-poli.html

Poverty is becoming an urban problem, warns global food policy report

Due to rising migration to cities, rates of poverty are shrinking faster in
rural than urban areas, the report by International Food Policy Research
Institute said

------------------------------
Sayantan Bera <http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Author/Sayantan%20Bera>
<http://www.livemint.com/Politics/DDyfaVD4NOwuEXOmHYJVMK/Poverty-is-becoming-an-urban-problem-warns-global-food-poli.html?facet=print>
[image: In India, 17% of the urban population or an estimated 65 million
people live in slums and close to half of them suffer due to respiratory
diseases and spend a tenth of their income on related treatment, the report
said. File photo: Mint]
In India, 17% of the urban population or an estimated 65 million people
live in slums and close to half of them suffer due to respiratory diseases
and spend a tenth of their income on related treatment, the report said.
File photo: Mint*New Delhi:* As people across developing nations migrate to
cities, poverty and malnutrition often migrate along with them and become
urban problems, said the Global Food Policy Report released by the
Washington-headquartered think-tank International Food Policy Research
Institute (IFPRI) on Thursday.Due to rising migration to cities, rates of
poverty are shrinking faster in rural than urban areas, the report said,
adding, “a higher proportion of rural residents are covered by social
safety nets than urban ones”.

According to the report, close to 90% of the projected urban population
increase is concentrated in Africa and Asia, with China, India and Nigeria
alone expected to add 900 million urban residents by 2050. This phenomenon
is creating a new set of challenges for addressing poverty and nutrition,
it said.

For the urban poor, expenses on food comprise a large share of their total
expenditure, but they are mostly dependent on the vagaries of informal
employment, it added.

Both formal employment and safety nets are less accessible for the poor and
in countries like India, close to 78% of the population is employed in the
informal sector in urban and semi-urban areas, the report said.

In India, 17% of the urban population or an estimated 65 million people
live in slums and close to half of them suffer due to respiratory diseases
and spend a tenth of their income on related treatment, the report said,
quoting studies.

It added that the urban poor in India often lack access to affordable
healthcare but about 66% households consume high-fat packaged snacks.

According to the report, “India faces a paradoxical situation—its rapid
economic growth is coupled with a much slower decline in undernutrition”,
despite government schemes on subsidised food, free mid-day meals to school
going children, and subsidised cooking gas to poor households.

Observing that unplanned urbanization is progressing rapidly and without
critical civic amenities, the report lauded new government initiatives in
India.

“The government of India recognizes these problems and is ambitiously
planning to create 100 ‘smart’ cities by 2022—cities that are sustainable
and citizen-friendly to improve urban living conditions,” the report said.

The food policy report also praised government initiatives in India to
improve the state of agriculture. The pledge to double farm incomes by
2022, a “path-breaking crop insurance scheme” and the electronic platform
for trading of farm produce shows the priority it accords to the farm
sector, the report said.
<Sayantan.b at livemint.com?subject=Poverty%20is%20becoming%20an%20urban%20problem,%20warns%20global%20food%20policy%20report>Sayantan
Bera <http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Author/Sayantan%20Bera>

TOPICS: POVERTY <http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Keyword/Poverty> POOR
<http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Keyword/poor> FOOD POLICY
<http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Keyword/food%20policy> SLUMS
<http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Keyword/slums> URBAN POPULATION
<http://www.livemint.com/Search/Link/Keyword/urban%20population>
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