[Urbanstudy] Most smart cities not smart enough, says govt study

Vinay Baindur yanivbin at gmail.com
Wed May 24 07:49:47 CDT 2017


http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/most-smart-cities-
not-smart-enough-says-govt-study/story-nPl7zhh7SUTbdT7mt5vTLP.html


Most smart cities not smart enough, says govt study

The top 20 cities got selected based on the score they got for carrying out
urban reforms in areas including sanitation, good governance and financial
sustainability of the proposals they submitted.
INDIA <http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/> Updated: May 24, 2017
08:36 IST
Moushumi Das Gupta, Hindustan Times, New Delhi
[image: Smart cities]
India plans to have 100 smart cities by 2022. Sixty have been chosen so
far, the remaining will be picked by 2018.

Many of the top 20 cities that got selected last January under the
government’s ambitious smart city project lag in basic infrastructure,
governance and socio-economic indicators, a government study has found.

These cities competed with 98 other “potential” smart cities and got
selected based on the score they got for carrying out urban reforms in
areas including sanitation, good governance and financial sustainability of
the proposals they submitted. The top 20 cities are: Vishakhapatnam,
Kakinada, Guwahati, NDMC, Ahmedabad, Surat, Belgaum, Davanagere, Kochi,
Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Pune, Solapur, Bhubaneswar, Ludhiana, Jaipur,
Udaipur, Chennai and Coimbatore. According to the analysis by the National
Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) —under the Union urban development
ministry — the total slum population of 18.75 % in the 20 cities is higher
than that of urban India (17.4%). Slum population was high in Jabalpur,
Kakinada, Indore and Chennai.

Many cities have a small percentage share of households with basic civic
amenities. Guwahati had the lowest number of households (32.6%) with access
to tap water from a treated source while Solapur, Bhubaneshwar, Pune,
Jabalpur and Bhopal reported a low share of latrine facilities. Drainage
connectivity was low in Bhubaneshwar, Guwahati, Kakinada, Kochi and Belgaum.

“The analysis shows different types of vulnerabilities even among the top
20 cities. The idea behind the study is to help the Centre and state
governments to decide funding priorities by identifying cities that are
lagging behind and need focused interventions,” said NIUA’s Debolina Kundu,
lead author of the report.

India plans to have 100 smart cities by 2022. Sixty have been chosen so
far, the remaining will be picked by 2018. Meant to change the way urban
India lives, smart cities will enjoy uninterrupted power and water
supplies, internet connectivity, e-governance and quality infrastructure.

The study, supported by Asian Development Bank, analysed secondary data
from Census 2011, household amenities data, unit level data on employment
and unemployment situation and household consumer expenditure, 2011-12. On
the demographic front, however, cities have reported positive trend.
“Almost all the cities have a good share of youth and working age
population. This potential could be harnessed to develop smart cities,”
Kundu said. Based on the analysis, the 20 cities were ranked on the levels
of development and access to basic amenities. New Delhi Municipal Council
was ranked first followed by Pune and Chennai. Belgaum was ranked the
lowest.
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